China’s Largest Property Developer Evergrande Files for Bankruptcy in the US

China’s Evergrande Group, the world’s most heavily indebted property developer, has taken a significant step towards restructuring by seeking bankruptcy protection in the United States. The move comes as the company aims to negotiate terms with its creditors and address its financial challenges.

Formerly China’s premier property developer, Evergrande’s default on its colossal debt exceeding $300 billion in 2021, roughly 2% of China’s GDP, highlighted the severity of China’s property market crisis. On Thursday, both Evergrande and its affiliate, Tianji Holdings, initiated Chapter 15 bankruptcy protection proceedings in a New York court. This provision specifically addresses insolvency cases involving multiple countries.

The timing of this filing raises concerns about potential ripple effects throughout China’s property sector, given the slowdown in the world’s second-largest economy. The distressing trend began in mid-2021, with defaults by companies responsible for 40% of China’s residential property sales.

China’s largest privately operated developer, Country Garden, has also raised alarms by missing interest payments recently and acknowledging “major uncertainties” surrounding corporate bond redemption.

Evergrande’s financial woes have been substantial, amassing liabilities of $330 billion. Its late 2021 default had a domino effect, triggering a series of defaults among other developers and resulting in thousands of unfinished homes nationwide. This situation further cast doubt on ambitious overseas megaprojects.

Founded in 1996 by Hui Ka Yan in Guangzhou, Evergrande introduced a debt restructuring proposal earlier this year, necessitating $36.4 billion to $43.7 billion in additional financing. The plan extended an offer to creditors, allowing them to convert their debt into new notes from the company and stakes in two subsidiaries: Evergrande Property Services Group and Evergrande New Energy Vehicle Group.

However, Evergrande’s electric vehicle unit faced shutdown without fresh funding.

Notably, Dubai-based automaker NWTN recently injected $500 million into Evergrande’s EV group for a nearly 28% stake, providing a boost in funding.

The latest legal documents point to restructuring proceedings in Hong Kong, the Cayman Islands, and the British Virgin Islands. Evergrande anticipates potential creditor voting on the restructuring this month, with approval from Hong Kong and British Virgin Islands courts potentially secured in early September.

In its financial results for 2021 and 2022, the firm reported a substantial net loss exceeding $113 billion. Evergrande, with over 1,300 real estate projects in 280 cities, reported an $81 billion shareholder loss in 2021 and 2022.

Back in September 2022, one of Evergrande’s lenders seized the company’s headquarters and informed the firm that it had appointed a receiver to take charge of the $1.2 billion property. Security personnel were also installed by the lender over the 26-storey China Evergrande Centre where the headquarters is located.

China’s real estate landscape underwent a significant transformation during the late 1990s due to housing reform, spurring a remarkable property boom. However, concerns about mounting debt among major industry players prompted Beijing to tighten credit access for developers in 2020. This policy shift triggered a wave of defaults, shaking the confidence of potential homebuyers and reverberating throughout the sector.

China’s real estate sector, which once contributed up to 30% of the nation’s GDP, suffered a blow from Evergrande’s default, causing turmoil in property markets and financial systems.

Since Evergrande’s collapse, other major Chinese developers like Kasia, Fantasia, and Shimao Group have also defaulted. Country Garden’s recent warning of potential debt management measures adds to the industry’s woes.

Recent efforts by Beijing, including reduced mortgage rates, streamlined regulations, and increased developer loans, reflect attempts to bolster the struggling real estate market.


Information for this briefing was found via Al Jazeera, CNN, and the sources mentioned. The author has no securities or affiliations related to this organization. Not a recommendation to buy or sell. Always do additional research and consult a professional before purchasing a security. The author holds no licenses.

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